The Different Types of Sewing Machines

The Different Types of Sewing Machines

Gone are the days were you have to thread your sewing machine before you start to actually sew. There are  so many models on the market available today that provide a ton of features. Whether you want something quick and easy or something that can achieve a professional finish, there is surely a sewing machine that will meet your requirements as a sewer.

If you are planning on replacing your grandmother’s old sewing machine with a new one, there are several things that you need to know.

Before you make your purchase, make sure that you have understood the difference between an electronic, computerized, overlock, and mechanical sewing machine. This way, you are sure to find the right machine that can accomplish all your desired sewing projects at home.

Mechanical or Manual Sewing Machines

The most basic sewing machines, which are rarely available, are the old mechanical sewing machines. Unlike the succeeding versions of sewing machines, these do not need to be powered by electricity. Instead of using a foot pedal, they run with the help of a wheel or dial on the side of the machine.

To sew, you need to turn the handwheel while guiding the fabric under the needle with your other hand. If you are only going to do basic projects or everyday sewing needs, this type would be adequate.

You will see a lot of Singer models at older shops that still sells vintage models. Since it requires more physical work from the sewer, there are very few features you can take advantage of. Despite this, a lot of sewers, especially those who have been using this kind of sewing machine forever, still choose the mechanical models because of their proven durability.

Electronic Sewing Machines

This type of machine is the most popular on the market. It uses a single motor in the body, driving the needle in the top part of the machine. To start your sewing, you just have to put pressure on the electronic foot pedal while guiding the fabric carefully with both of your hands. Aside from this, you can also control how fast or slow your sewing speed is.

The harder you put pressure on the foot pedal, the faster you go. The bobbin and feed dogs automatically feed material to the machine under the needle, saving you more time. Furthermore, electronic sewing machines feature a variety of stitches and lengths that can be selected by turning the dial.

Most brands today have an automatic tension setting, an automatic thread cutter, and a set of buttonhole stitches for putting a professional looking buttonhole on your clothes. This makes electronic machines capable of creating different sewing projects, as they can sew multiple fabric types.

Computerized Sewing Machines

This type of sewing machine uses LED or LCD displays that show a variety of sewing settings and functions. Computerized sewing machines are pre-programmed with the correct tension and the right length and width for each stitch style. Most of the models today can memorize your favorite stitches, so that you don’t have to set them again every time you turn it on.

In addition, the more advanced computerized sewing machines also have the ability to program your machine so you can do complex embroidery patterns. Some machines have a USB port, which allows you to link your own designs or downloaded programs from your PC to the machine.

The computerized sewing machines can do a lot of things an ordinary sewing machine can’t. They are far more versatile and therefore, usually more expensive.

Overlocker Sewing Machines

The overlocker sewing machines are designed to give a professional finish to a garment’s hems and seams. These kinds of machines are great if you love doing your own clothing, but their functions are limited.

Sewers usually buy this in addition to their regular sewing machines because they sew really fast. In fact, they have the ability to stitch and trim away excess fabric at twice the speed, allowing you to do more projects in a day.

Compared to a regular sewing machine, the overlockers use between 2 – 9 threads and multiple needles to do an overcast zigzag stitch. Most professionals use it for creating curtains or hemming. Although they are great for many projects, they are not equipped for zips or buttonholes.

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